History of the Dice

History of Dice

The Dice and its History

Dice is the oldest known gaming device known to humankind. It is used to generate random numbers.Used for gaming and fortune telling, the dice has changed many forms. Cube-shaped, it started as a four-sided dice. Today, you can even find a 100 sided dice known as Zocchihedron. Origin of the dice can be traced back to 3000 B.C. Originally manufactured with animal bones; these days dice is made of plastic. Let’s trace the history of this small but essential piece of any board game, through civilisations and dates.

Invention of the dice

Dice-shaped objects, which have been excavated from various civilisation sites are found to be carbon dated 3000 B.C. This means that the dice is nearly 5000 years old. The dice discovered had a pyramid shape with four sides. The next evolved version of the dice, the cubical shaped dice was found in Egyptian tombs of 2000 B.C. Since, then dice have been found at sites of many civilisations dated 600-400 B.C. Dices have even been a subject for analysis by famous mathematicians Pascal and Fermat in 1600 A.D.  Their report gave birth to the brilliant Mathematical study of probability. Ludo, a board game using dice was patented in 1896. Since then there has been an onslaught of board games using dice.

Prominence of dice in civilisations

Bronze Age civilisations that flourished in and around ancient Persia or present-day Iran are probably the first to use dice in a game.  The game looked like a version of today’s backgammon. Egyptian civilisation also seems to have used dice in a board game called Senet.  The next use of dice was found in the Sumerian culture. They used it in a game called Royal game of Ur. It has been various references of dice being located in the Indus valley civilisation as well. There are also references of dice in the Greek (siege of Troy) and Indian (Mahabharata) mythology. There is a significant historical reference of dice attributed to Julius Caesar – “Alea iacta est” meaning “the die has been cast”.

Different structures of dice

Earliest known dice were made from ankle bones of sheep. They had four sides with some markings on each face. They were used for fortune telling. Later on, the dice were made from ivory, bronze, marble, porcelain etc. These were cubical dice and were used for games as well as for gambling. A 2000-year-old dice are having 20 sides have been found in ancient Egypt. Modern-day dice is made from plastic using an injection moulding process. These are non-precision dice used in children’s board games. Precision dice that is used in casinos are built in ways to have the dice’s centre of gravity closest to the geometric centre. These days dice have sides ranging from 6 to a 100.

There is no exact date of origin of the dice. Still, it has been found that dice or dice-like objects have been uniformly used in all ages and civilisations. Perhaps it is the oldest game that is always relevant and popular today.

History of e-sport

Esport casino


Video games are thrilling- for those who play and those who watch; gamers plan and strategise their play so that they can overpower their opponents. Spectators wait LED screens with bated breath, applaud and empathise with teams just as they would in a regular football or tennis match. eSport appears to have come of age and is being recognised as “excellent and exhilarating spectator sports.”

Arcade and console games

In its most primitive form, friends played video games and challenged each other to better their highest scores. Slowly the game evolved and became more structured in that tournaments were being organised everywhere. The first gaming competition was held at Stanford University in 1972, where students competed in the video game- Spacewar. The winner was entitled to a Rolling Stone magazine’s annual subscription – a far cry from the millions of dollars that are being offered today.

The first space invaders tournament was organised by Atari in 1980, and so great was its popularity that it attracted tens of thousands of participants. The foundation for eSports was laid, and the early 1990s saw arcade and console games being sponsored for world championships.

PC gaming

With Internet connectivity, the popularity of PC games rose, and the late 90’s sawed the emergence of the Red Annihilation tournament. “Quake”, generally considered as the first eSports game, was witnessed by more than 2000 people. This set the ball rolling- the first significant gaming league was formed and tournament ‘Prize Money’ was offered for the first time. Subsequently, many more associations were created, and new competitions announced.

While all this did give a fillip to eSports, the emergence of real-time strategy (RTS) games was a game turner. The concept and focus shifted to new areas- planning and policy, which offered limitless potential. This pushed eSports to a new high, and it started getting the popularity and recognition that it deserved.

eSports flourishes

With the turn of the century, two major international tournaments were launched, and that paved the way for the launching of the largest and most successful eSport leagues- the Major League Gaming. It was hailed widely for it featured many games in different genres and most importantly put up ‘prize pools’- in 2013 gamers received more than $170,000 in the form of prizes. This Major League also had another first to its credit- it was televised in North America on the USA network.

Other tournaments emerged- notably Dreamhack and the Global StarCraft II League (GSL). The number of online viewers has been increasing exponentially since then comparing favourably with the number of viewers attending real sporting events, and the trend is expected to continue. The league of legends, considered the most famous video game world over, is an Online, Multiplayer Battle Arena that attracts player from all over the world.

The Future for eSports

There’s no doubt that eSports are generating excitement and challenges for the fans and players respectively, but still, has a way to go before it gains recognition in mainstream culture.

2018 Flash: Playing Mobile Casino

Casino Mobile 2018

Playing Casino on Mobile

Casinos are one of the places where individuals can freely play any gambling games as long as they want. There are no limits as long as they have the cash. Even if they ran out of cash, there are still some casinos that are offering and lending some cash in order for them to enjoy playing. That benefit is just one of the good things about playing at casinos. There are people who are interested and want to experience playing at a casino but have no means in doing so. With the availability of online casinos, playing casino on mobile is now made possible.
Online casino games are now available for anyone who is interested in playing casino games online. For more convenience, online casino games are also now applicable to be played in mobile phones particularly on smartphones. If you are a casino game lover, the availability and applicability of online casino game is probably the most advantageous news for you right now. With that advantage, the player will no longer be frustrated whenever their playing moment is disturbed due to some connection problem or system error.

The Benefits of Playing Casino on Mobile

There are a lot of benefits that are offered when playing casino on mobile and these are as follows:

• First on the list is the convenience of playing casino games on your smartphones or tablets. Since online casino games are already applicable to be played in these devices, whenever you have nothing to do or when you have woken up in the middle of the night and has not been able to sleep again, you can just get your phone and start playing casino games. Whenever you feel like playing a casino game, you will no longer have to go to a traditional casino just to be able to play. That means less effort in driving to and from the casino, less gas expense and less energy spent.

• Since you can already play online casino games on your mobile phone and tablets, it simply means that you can play the casino games that you love to play wherever you are. There is no limit on what type of online casino games can only be played on your mobile phone. You can play all types of games including mobile roulette or slots, even the blackjack, and poker.

• These online casino games can be played on your mobile phone or tablet by installing them on your mobile device. Once you already have the application installed, you can just choose to play directly on the site or download the game or app.

• The added benefit of playing casino on mobile phone is the fact that with its touch screen mode, the more that you will be able to play the game properly and with ease. The operating system of these gadgets also gives the player a much wider scope compared when playing on desktops.
Playing casino on mobile is now made easier and faster. Online casino players would surely have an excellent online casino gaming experience that they never experienced before.

History of Gambling

Gambling History


Playing casino games remain every day since the beginning of time. The history of gambling dated back to the ancient periods and there is much archaeological proof that gaming was present in various countries such as Roma, China, India, Egypt, Greet etc. Lots of artefacts like dice, writings of game mechanics and others were discovered from all parts of the world. Some of these objects have been dated back to 2300 B.C. It was the fourteenth century AD when gambling was regarded as against the ruling. King Henry VIII of England had prohibited gambling when he discovered that his defence force was spending lots of time playing than working.

Playing Cards

The use of paper money shuffling in ancient China became the forerunner of today’s game called blackjack. The practice has changed into card playing that was borrowed by Mameluke Empire. Being Muslim, they utilised diverse designs somewhat reminiscent of renowned Muslim carpets to accentuate the playing deck. Upon its coming to Europe, the players began using high ranks of men in the Royal Court to indicate cards. However, it was just in the 1500’s when French present the Queen of the deck which called as French Pack. This is the forerunner of today’s 52 card deck.


Dice has been around for over 20 centuries, being involved in various activities, which range from religious rituals and gambling. Dice are extremely popular because of the game known as craps. This game was ubiquitous amongst the famous and productive of the eighteen and nineteenth century in England that was once called Hazard.

Online Gambling

Part 1

Gambling history took a quick turn in 1990’s as online technology started accelerating beyond the wildest imagination. 1993 is the year when the first graphical website browser was made, roughly concurrent with the AOL or America Online service connecting its remarkable network of a client to the online discussion named as USENET. Shortly, people would be browsing the web, an option not lost on gaming architects. A year later, Barbuda and Antigua legislated a free trade contract for online casinos. The first casino online was presented soon after that. Immediately other internet regulatory bodies come up. With their approval casinos, online boost a remarkable stage of legality for being synchronised.

Part 2

At this point, regulatory authorities of different reputation supervise at least 2000 casinos online wherein players can play or bet for real money. These online casinos provide a remarkable selection of classic casino table and slot machine games. Lots offer a live dealer choice for the table games they offer. The best thing about them is that they can be accessed in various kinds of devices like desktop and smartphones.

Getting Better and Better

Today gambling is far different from before. But, while the world has profoundly developed to the extent of allowing adults be accountable for their deeds, lots of confusion and superstition remain.
What’s more obvious is that the opportunity to experience real money gambling is fantastic. Today gaming is getting better and better. But, you need to play wisely and smartly.


Paying Cards – How it all began

History of Cards

History of Playing Cards

Playing cards are considered as one of the oldest types of toys created by humans and can be used for different purpose. Tarot readings, magic and gambling, are some of the best examples of the use of these cards. Playing cards can come in either thin metal, plastic, light cardboard or special ply paper. A pack or deck of cards has 52 playing cards in it, with an additional two cards named Jokers. Playing cards originated in China. An American games historian named Stuart Culin is the one who did the research, and he concluded that playing cards appeared before 1200AD in China and were introduced to Europe during the 13th century.

Types of Cards in a Deck

There are four types or suits of cards in a pack or deck. These are the Diamonds, Spades, Hearts and Clubs. In each suit, there are 13 different cards, consisting of the King and Queen, the Jack, Numbers 2-10 and the Ace. These values are printed on one side, while a consistent design is printed on the back of the playing card. Throughout time, many forms of games have been created. Some playing card games include Poker, Big-2, Solitaire, Hearts and Go Fish. These are all considered as interactive games that can be played by a person or a group of people.

A side note about Fortune Tellers Cards

Fortune Tellers and Gypsies have also been known to use Tarot Cards or cards as an extension to foresee the future. The most well-known and leading production company of playing cards is the United States Playing Card Company that is formerly based in Cincinnati, Ohio but moved to Erlanger, Kentucky. They are known for their famous brand called Bee cards and Bicycle cards. These playing cards are made of three-ply paper that is coated with an Air Cushion finish which makes them glide and slick perfectly without the cards being able to stick to one another.

Fun Facts about Playing Cards

The simple pack or deck of playing cards lie hidden associations and secrets to human culture. For beginners, the pack of playing cards consists of 52 cards which are precisely the number of weeks in one year. The four suits represent the four seasons of Spring, Winter, Autumn and Summer. With the Court cards representing 11, 12 and 13 respectively to the King, Queen and Jack, all the 52 cards in a pack add up to 365 which is the exact number of days in one year. The Ace of Spades characteristically represents death.

One more…

A reversible twofold image in court cards was introduced during the 19th century. The primary purpose for this is to prevent the players from reversing their court cards during a session, thus in part enlightening their hands to even not the most sharp-eyed of opponents. The use of playing cards grew all over the globe through colonialism and trade. During the 20th century, the French and English style of playing card came to be the de-facto standard that was used in different casinos worldwide and for well-known American games such as Blackjack and Poker.